By manipulating materials or developing bio-based ones, and designing machines and products that support and enable new ways of producing, manufacturers can set new norms for collaborating and overall ‘greener’ thinking.
Driven by the circular economy, we see an ongoing push from consumers and regulators to move towards more repairability as part of the (product) experience and a possibility to put remanufacturing at the centre of the circular economy. This will change how manufacturers design and plan their production processes now and in the future.
To go even further, along with an altering consumer mindset and growing support from some economists, the degrowth debate is accelerating. Jason Hickel, author of the book ‘Less is more, how degrowth will save the world’, clarifies that degrowth is not about reducing GDP, but rather about reducing [energy and resource] throughput. All of this is putting pressure on manufacturers to be more open to a radical paradigm shift. Or as mentioned by one of the interviewees:
“Manufacturing needs to shift to a degrowth mindset. With the existing mindset, even if we do it in a green way, manufacturing will not be sustainable.”